- What is meditation ?
The continuation of twelve concentrations or twelve Dharanas on any object or on the appearance of your Deity or Guru with closed eyes in Trukuti is called Dhyana or MEDITATION. You chant mantras while meditating. Twelve concentrations equal 144 seconds. (2 minutes and 24 seconds).
There are two types of meditation :
a. SUGUNA Meditation – Meditation on god or Goddess or Guru with form.
b. NIRGUNA Meditation – Meditation without any form.
Meditation acts a bridge to establish a connection between the individual soul (Jivatma) and the supreme soul (Paramathma).
MEDITATION derived from the latin word “Meditari” which means “to heal”. Meditation means act of healing.
Meditation is the flow of continuous thought on one idea to get one pointedness of mind
Concentration, Meditation and Samadhi are Internal Sadhanas
OBSTACLES TO MEDITATION
Physical And Mental Illness
SINGING DEVOTIONAL SONGS / CHANTING MANTRAS DURING MEDITATION
There are three types of singing of holy songs or chanting of mantras (repetition of mantras) namely VERBAL, SEMI-VERBAL and MENTAL.
Verbal – Singing of songs or repetition of mantras several times so that other devotees and disciples can hear is called Verbal.
Semi Verbal – In this type, others cannot hear what you are singing or chanting. Movements of lips are seen.
Mental – Close the eyes and fix the mind at Trikuti (Trikuti is the space or point between the two eyebrows). Gazing at Trikuti is called Bhrumadhya Drishti. Then sing devotional songs or repeat mantras several times mentally is called Mental.This is the best type.
A Raja Yogi practises the following daily in the morning and evening. A Raja Yogi slowly ascends the yogic ladder along the eight steps namely Yama., Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara,Dharana, Dhyana or Meditation and finally Samadhi. He purifies himself by the practice of Yama and Niyama. He practises Pranayama to purify his nadis (Nadi purification) and mind and Pratyahara, Dharana and Dhyana. Finally he attains Samadhi.
- Best time for Meditation
TIME FOR CONCENTRATION AND MEDITATION
Three best periods for concentration and meditation are dawn, noon and sunset. A person should concentrate and meditate regularly at a particular time.
Early morning from 4.00a.m. to 6.00a.m. This is the most suitable time and highly favourable for meditation because it is called “BRAHMAMUHURTA” or the “DIVINE MOMENT”. The atmosphere is charged with pure vibrations. The body is relaxed and the mind is serene and calm after a nightís sleep.
Noon from 12.00 to 1.00p.m. Those people who are free to pray or do concentration and meditation can also choose this time.
Evening from 5.00p.m. to 6.30p.m. This is another suitable time for concentration and meditation to overcome stress and tension and to relax the body after a dayís tired work.
- Experiences in Meditation
Divine lights in the form of shining sun or full moon appear. Tiny shining points the size of mustards or your Guru or Deity appears inside the shining sun or moon in the region of Trikuti. The flashing lights will last only for a few minutes. These lights disappear gradually and you should proceed your meditation. When you see your Guru or Deity, pray to them and in return they will encourage you to further your meditation.
You will see the five colours of five elements :-
i. Earth in Light Yellow
ii. Water in White
iii. Fire in Red
iv. Wind in Green
v. Ether in Blue
When your body becomes lighter than air, you will not feel the physical body and the mind is fully merged in your Guru or Deity. The consciousness of the body is lost. At this time of deep meditation, you will have an experience of traveling to the astral world. Equanimity of mind is attained.
Sometimes in deep meditation, your body becomes larger and it occupies the whole room where you are meditating.
You can experience the smell of flowers such as jasmine and roses, incense sticks, camphore and benzoin.
- Techniques of Meditation
On the margin you find the picture of three hands with a little circles formed by the index finger. In the second you find ‘Ka’ the first letter of the Tamil equivalent of ‘shopping’. When it crawls out the navel, close your eyes and, through introspection, fix your attention on the letter ‘Ka’ in the region of the navel and peremptorily say ‘Stop’, you I mind I where do you try to stroll?’ and immediately you will find that the mind stops short. The eye, for instance, will not perceive an object except for sun light in the day or lamp light at night. This means that the light in the eye should mix with the light of the sun or lamp before perception could ensue. In the same fashion will the light in the mental eye coming with that in the Chidakasa referred to with the result that the light of all lights – the sole Truth (the Noumenon) – will shine forth supreme and all phenomena vanish. We depend for this statement on the Siva Prakasa and Vasishtham.
When what strikes the mind as lovely is given up resolutely, it is as good as having killed the mind and Ignorance. When the mind runs after sense objects, it naturally gets done up and feels miserable. But when it is set at rest, the pain and unhappiness cease. You should all therefore see to it that you deliberately fix your attention on the first letter which issues forth prior to the rise of the thought wave and thereby suppress the latter. When this is done the form of the letter will vanish, yielding place to the empty Void (as in the third hand) and in due time, both the mind and the sight will merge in the infinite space and become one with it thus leading to the realization of Absolute Oneness.
Give up your love for the perishable finite things and you will be able to comprehend the infinite. The mind is that which plays like mirage between the eternally existent Brahman (the Noumenon) and the unreal phenomenon of the universe. With the mind on it appears as the universe of objects, and when it is extinguished, it is knowledge, true and absolute. The mind is thus the mischief maker, the cause of all evil sensations and Relativity. Those who grasp this secret doctrine and practice it sedulously need go through no Vedic books nor need hear sermons and lectures on Religion. Kill out the mind and real bliss results. Pray acquire and enjoy such bliss. Those who practice the methods taught in this book will be able to control all mental activity as easily and effectively as a fast running mail train is when the vacuum brake is applied.
Focussing the mind in the Chidakasa of the hand
Shut your eyes, mentally post up the above illustration between your eye brows and fix your attention on it. The mind will easily settle on it. See that it is not distracted from the circular void in the hand; in a few minutes the fingers will slip away from your mental vision and you will forget yourself. This sort of forgetting is called in Yogic parlance ‘sleep in wakefulness’ or ‘bliss in sleepless sleep’.
For those who find this too difficult, we shall in next chapter suggest another method with the aid of a picture of the open mouth. Please try it. We feel sure that every reader will succeed in any one of these three ways and thereby get full control over the fleeting mind. We have given out these simple methods purely from our own experience and yogic skill attained through constant practice. Practice this with perseverance and your mind will stop working, sooner or later. There need be no despair. With the cessation of the mind will assuredly accrue true divine bliss. For a full size photo of the author witness mouth open, you may apply to the firm in which this book is available for sale. With that photo before you may try and regulate your posture and other details and take up to the practice of controlling the mind.