• AN INSIGHT INTO CUDDAPAH SRI PARAMAHAMSA SACHIDANANDA YOGEESHWARAR MAHA SWAMI

  • Satguru Naatha Saranam Jaya Jaya - Sachidananda Saranam Jaya Jaya !

Eternal Truths

Hinduism is our planet’s original and oldest living religion, with no single founder. For as long as man has lived and roamed across Earth’s land and water masses, breathed its air and worshiped in awe its fire, the Santana Dharma has been a guide of righteous life for evolving souls. Shortly into the twenty-first century, Hindu adherents will number over a billion. All of them are Hindus, yes, but they represent a broad range of beliefs, sadhanas and mystic goals.

While Hindus believe many diverse and exotic things, there are several bedrock concepts on which virtually all concur. Here are some of the concepts that defines the important aspects of Hindu Religion.

Meditation

  • What is meditation ?

    The continuation of twelve concentrations or twelve Dharanas on any object or on the appearance of your Deity or Guru with closed eyes in Trukuti is called Dhyana or MEDITATION. You chant mantras while meditating. Twelve concentrations equal 144 seconds. (2 minutes and 24 seconds).

    There are two types of meditation :

    a. SUGUNA Meditation – Meditation on god or Goddess or Guru with form.
    b. NIRGUNA Meditation – Meditation without any form.

    Meditation acts a bridge to establish a connection between the individual soul (Jivatma) and the supreme soul (Paramathma).
    MEDITATION derived from the latin word “Meditari” which means “to heal”. Meditation means act of healing.
    Meditation is the flow of continuous thought on one idea to get one pointedness of mind

    Concentration, Meditation and Samadhi are Internal Sadhanas

    OBSTACLES TO MEDITATION

    • Lust
    • Anger
    • Greed
    • Jealousy
    • Hatred
    • Laziness
    • Doubt
    • Lethargy
    • Physical And Mental Illness
    • Bad Friendship

    SINGING DEVOTIONAL SONGS / CHANTING MANTRAS DURING MEDITATION

    There are three types of singing of holy songs or chanting of mantras (repetition of mantras) namely VERBAL, SEMI-VERBAL and MENTAL.

    Verbal – Singing of songs or repetition of mantras several times so that other devotees and disciples can hear is called Verbal.

    Semi Verbal – In this type, others cannot hear what you are singing or chanting. Movements of lips are seen.

    Mental – Close the eyes and fix the mind at Trikuti (Trikuti is the space or point between the two eyebrows). Gazing at Trikuti is called Bhrumadhya Drishti. Then sing devotional songs or repeat mantras several times mentally is called Mental.This is the best type.

    RAJA YOGI

    A Raja Yogi practises the following daily in the morning and evening. A Raja Yogi slowly ascends the yogic ladder along the eight steps namely Yama., Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara,Dharana, Dhyana or Meditation and finally Samadhi. He purifies himself by the practice of Yama and Niyama. He practises Pranayama to purify his nadis (Nadi purification) and mind and Pratyahara, Dharana and Dhyana. Finally he attains Samadhi.

  • Best time for Meditation

    TIME FOR CONCENTRATION AND MEDITATION

    Three best periods for concentration and meditation are dawn, noon and sunset. A person should concentrate and meditate regularly at a particular time.

    Dawn

    Early morning from 4.00a.m. to 6.00a.m. This is the most suitable time and highly favourable for meditation because it is called “BRAHMAMUHURTA” or the “DIVINE MOMENT”. The atmosphere is charged with pure vibrations. The body is relaxed and the mind is serene and calm after a nightís sleep.

    Noon

    Noon from 12.00 to 1.00p.m. Those people who are free to pray or do concentration and meditation can also choose this time.

    Sunset

    Evening from 5.00p.m. to 6.30p.m. This is another suitable time for concentration and meditation to overcome stress and tension and to relax the body after a dayís tired work.

  • Experiences in Meditation

    Divine lights in the form of shining sun or full moon appear. Tiny shining points the size of mustards or your Guru or Deity appears inside the shining sun or moon in the region of Trikuti. The flashing lights will last only for a few minutes. These lights disappear gradually and you should proceed your meditation. When you see your  Guru or Deity, pray to them and in return they will encourage you to further your meditation.

    You will see the five colours of five elements :-

     i.   Earth in Light Yellow
    ii.  Water in White
    iii. Fire in Red
    iv. Wind in Green
    v.  Ether in Blue

    When your body becomes lighter than air, you will not feel the physical body and the mind is fully merged in your Guru or Deity. The consciousness of the body is lost. At this time of deep meditation, you will have an experience of traveling to the astral world. Equanimity of mind is attained.

    Sometimes in deep meditation, your body becomes larger and it occupies the whole room where you are meditating.

    You can experience the smell of flowers such as jasmine and roses, incense sticks, camphore and benzoin.

  • Techniques of Meditation

    Fixing the Mind in the Void created by the encircling of the Thumb and the Index finger

    On the margin you find the picture of three hands with a little circles formed by the index finger. In the second you find ‘Ka’ the first letter of the Tamil equivalent of ‘shopping’. When it crawls out the navel, close your eyes and, through introspection, fix your attention on the letter ‘Ka’ in the region of the navel and peremptorily say ‘Stop’, you I mind I where do you try to stroll?’ and immediately you will find that the mind stops short. The eye, for instance, will not perceive an object except for sun light in the day or lamp light at night. This means that the light in the eye should mix with the light of the sun or lamp before perception could ensue. In the same fashion will the light in the mental eye coming with that in the Chidakasa referred to with the result that the light of all lights – the sole Truth (the Noumenon) – will shine forth supreme and all phenomena vanish. We depend for this statement on the Siva Prakasa and Vasishtham.

    When what strikes the mind as lovely is given up resolutely, it is as good as having killed the mind and Ignorance. When the mind runs after sense objects, it naturally gets done up and feels miserable. But when it is set at rest, the pain and unhappiness cease. You should all therefore see to it that you deliberately fix your attention on the first letter which issues forth prior to the rise of the thought wave and thereby suppress the latter. When this is done the form of the letter will vanish, yielding place to the empty Void (as in the third hand) and in due time, both the mind and the sight will merge in the infinite space and become one with it thus leading to the realization of Absolute Oneness.

    Give up your love for the perishable finite things and you will be able to comprehend the infinite. The mind is that which plays like mirage between the eternally existent Brahman (the Noumenon) and the unreal phenomenon of the universe. With the mind on it appears as the universe of objects, and when it is extinguished, it is knowledge, true and absolute. The mind is thus the mischief maker, the cause of all evil sensations and Relativity. Those who grasp this secret doctrine and practice it sedulously need go through no Vedic books nor need hear sermons and lectures on Religion. Kill out the mind and real bliss results. Pray acquire and enjoy such bliss. Those who practice the methods taught in this book will be able to control all mental activity as easily and effectively as a fast running mail train is when the vacuum brake is applied.

    Focussing the mind in the Chidakasa of the hand

    Shut your eyes, mentally post up the above illustration between your eye brows and fix your attention on it. The mind will easily settle on it. See that it is not distracted from the circular void in the hand; in a few minutes the fingers will slip away from your mental vision and you will forget yourself. This sort of forgetting is called in Yogic parlance ‘sleep in wakefulness’ or ‘bliss in sleepless sleep’.

    For those who find this too difficult, we shall in next chapter suggest another method with the aid of a picture of the open mouth. Please try it. We feel sure that every reader will succeed in any one of these three ways and thereby get full control over the fleeting mind. We have given out these simple methods purely from our own experience and yogic skill attained through constant practice. Practice this with perseverance and your mind will stop working, sooner or later. There need be no despair. With the cessation of the mind will assuredly accrue true divine bliss. For a full size photo of the author witness mouth open, you may apply to the firm in which this book is available for sale. With that photo before you may try and regulate your posture and other details and take up to the practice of controlling the mind.

Types of Meditation

  • Soham Mantram Meditation

    SOHAM means “I AM HE”. It signifies the identity of the INDIVIDUAL SOUL, ATMA with the SUPREME SOUL PARAMATMA. SOHAM means “THAT I AM”. “SA” means “THAT” and “AHAM” means “I AM”. It is also termed “AJAPA GAYATRI”.

    Now watch the breath. The sound “SO” is produced when you inhale and “HAM” is produced when you exhale. This mantra is repeated by you unconsciously. Daily you are breathing 21,600 breaths or sohams.

    The total breaths of 21,600 of a human body in 24 hours is distributed to the vital needs of the seven divisions in the body are as follows:-

    Sl. No.
    LOCATION OF PLEXUS CHAKRA BREATHS TIME
    CHAKRA
    BREATHS
    TIME
    1.
    Sacral or Pelvic Plexus (Region between anus and genitals) Muladharam
    600
    6.01 am  6.40 am
    2.
    Hypogastric Plexus (Genitals) Svadishthanam
    6000
    6.41 am  1.20 pm
    3.
    3 Epigastric Plexus (Navel) Manipuram
    6000
    1.21 pm  8.00 pm
    4.
    Cardiac Plexus (Heart) Anahatam
    6000
    8.01 pm  2.40 am
    5.
    Carotid Plexus (Throat) Visuddham
    1000
    2.41 am  3.46 am
    6.
    Hypothalamus or Medulla Plexus (Point between the eyebrows) Ajna
    1000
    3.47 am  4.53 am
    7.
    Cerebral Plexus (Top of cranium) Sahasrara
    1000
    4.54 am  6.00 am

     

    PROCEDURE

    1. Sit in a suitable posture facing north.
    2. Close your eyes.
    3. Focus your mind at the tip of the nose.
    4. Inhale slowly chanting “SO” mentally.
    5. Retain the breath for 5 seconds.
    6. Exhale the breath slowly chanting “HAM” mentally.
    7. Repeat “SO” and “HAM” breathing meditation for 10 to 20 minutes daily in the morning and evening.

    TIME

    Morning between 4.30 to 6.00 am.
    Evening between 5.30 to 7.00pm.

    PRACTICAL INSTRUCTIONS

    1. Clean the nostrils well.
    2. Drink a small cup of fruit juice or milk.
    3. Do not follow the breath to the end. Mindful you breathe in “SO” and mindful you breathe out “HAM”.
    4. Acknowledge and reject any thoughts which appear in your mind during meditation. Still your thoughts which will disappear slowly.
    5. Train yourself daily and gradually, increase the duration of meditation. Practice makes perfect.
    6. Negate the body while chanting “SOHAM” mantra. Try to identify yourself with the supreme soul.
    7. Do not practise when you have cold and flu and in full stomach.
    8. After a few months, you can practise “SOHAM” meditation while walking in the garden, sitting on a chair when traveling long distance for more than one hour and lying on the bed before sleeping.

    BENEFITS OF BREATHING MEDITATION AND “SOHAM” MANTRA MEDITATION

    1. It purifies and calms the mind. Tranquility of the mind is attained.
    2. It eliminates fatigue and stress and so improves physical fitness and relaxation.
    3. It is beneficial to psychiatric, mental illness, insomnia and hypertensive persons.
    4. It improves the lung function in healthy and asthmatic persons.

  • Om Mantram Meditation

    CONCENTRATION AND MEDITATION ON OM AT AJNA CHAKRA

    Concentrate and meditate on OM at TRIKUTI Point. Trikuti is the space or point between the two eyebrows. This is the location of AJNA CHAKRA, which is the sixth chakra. It is the seat of the mind. It is situated within the sushumna nadi. The three nadis namely ida (lunar current), pingala (solar current) and sushumna (central neutral current) meet at the Ajna chakra.

    The Bija Mantra of the Ajna chakra is OM. Chant Om several times mentally while walking leisurely in a garden or while sitting on a chair in a room. Concentrate and meditate on

    Om at Trikuti while traveling in a bus, train, car or plane for a few hours.

    When a spiritual person chants OM mantra daily for an hour for a few years, he acquires the tremendous power of OM mantra. When he gives the mantra to his disciples, the power is transmitted.

    The Vision Of Ajna Chakra

    HOW TO CONCENTRATE AND MEDITATE ON AJNA CHAKRA

    01. Lit the lamp.
    02. Offer flowers, water and fruits to your God or Goddess or Guru.
    03. Sit in any comfortable posture facing north.
    04. Keep your head, neck and trunk in an erect position.
    05. Purification of the body

    a. Dip your three fingers except the thumb and small finger into a copper or panchapatram container of water.
    b. Touch your head at the centre chanting the mantra OM ASTHTRAYA NAMAHA. Repeat a and b three times.
    c. Dip your three fingers into the water again and starting from your right ear, take your right hand around your head and at the same time chant OM ASTHTRAYA NAMAHA and sprinkle away the water as you reach the right ear.

    Repeat this process three times.

    BENEFITS: You drive away the evil spirits over your head and around your head.
    d. Take a piece of white cloth and moisten it with water at one end and wipe your right eye and left eye and finally your mouth. By doing this, you have cleaned your eyes and mouth.

    06. Achamanam

    Take a spoonful of water in your right palm and sip three times while chanting the mantra

    OM ATHMA THATHVAYA NAMAHA
    OM VIDHYA THATHVAYA NAMAHA
    OM SIVA THATHVAYA NAMAHA

    BENEFITS: The esophagus and the gastrointestinal tract are moistened.
    This is conducive for praying, concentration and meditation and other yogic practices.

    07. Application of Vibuthi

    Take a little vibuthi in your right hand and while applying on your forehead three times chant mantra

    OM SATHPURUCHA VASTHRAYA NAMAHA or OM mantra thrice.

    08. Nadi Purification

    09. Pranayama

    NOTE: Nadi purification and Pranayama should be practiced under the guidance of a GURU or YOGI.

    If you have no Guru or Yogi to teach you than proceed to the following.

    10. Offer Benzoin smoke (Dhupam), burn the incense sticks and camphor (Deepam ).

    11. Pray to your God or Goddess or Guru.

    a. Chant relevant mantras and devotional songs for a few minutes.
    b. Salutation to Guru. Say the following:
    Guru Brahma, Guru Vishnu, Guru Devo, Mahesvaraha,
    Guru Sakshath, Param Brahma Tasmai Sri Gurave Namaha

    12. Close your eyes. Fix your mind at Trikuti.

    13. Chant the mantra AUM for 10 to 15 minutes slowly and rhythmically. Gradually, increase the duration of chanting and concentration and meditation. Chant the mantra verbally, semi-verbally and mentally. Chant the mantra with meaning and feeling. Think you are healthy, wealthy and happy in your life. Meditate on AUM for a few minutes.

    14. While chanting the AUM mantra, try to shun away the other thoughts that may try to creep into your mind and cause disturbance of concentration. Under rigorous practice, Aum has to be chanted in a repetitive way. This would pave to an unbelievable belief when the AUMKARA NADA (SOUND) stays in your mind and heart during your other activities.

    15. Meditation is concluded by repeating the following mentally for a few minutes.

    ” LET ALL BEINGS BE HAPPY IN THE WORLD ”
    ” LET ALL BEINGS BE PEACEFUL IN THE WORLD ”
    ” MAY GOD SHOWER HIS BLESSINGS ON ALL BEINGS ”

    Open your eyes slowly and look at your SATGURU or DEITY without winking your eyes.

    16. Practice concentration and meditation for a few times in the morning and evening daily. Regular and persistent training daily and patience is necessary to succeed in meditation.

    BENEFITS OF CHANTING OM AND MEDITATION ON OM

    1. A person can acquire the following Siddhis and tremendous powers of the OM.
        a. Anima
        b. Mahima
        c. Karima
        d. Lahima
        e. Prapthi
        f. Prathamiyam
        g. Esathivam
        h. Vaisthathum

    2. Purifies and calms the mind. Tranquility of body and mind is attained.
    3. Ego, hatred, jealousy, anger and greed are gradually eradicated.
    4. Gives spiritual strength and removes all the obstacles to spiritual progress and ignorance of “SELF”. Self realization leads to God realization.
    5. Mind would attain supreme state of divinity and there would be a sense of happiness and peace.
    6. The person becomes Jivan mukta which means liberated while living.
    7. Finally one is able to attain the goal of human life that is to free from Samsara- cycle of births and deaths and ENLIGHTENMENT.

    AUM mantra proves to be very useful and the only tool to realize the “SELF”
    The great saint Thirumularís Thirumanthiram Tamil songs are worth mentioning here.

    SONG

    PORRUKINREN PUKAZNDUM PUKAL GYANATHAI
    TERRUKINREN SINDAI NAYAKAN SEVADI
    SARRUKINREN ARAIYO SIVA YOGATHAI
    ERRUKINREN NAMBIRAN OAR EZUTHAI

    Meaning in English

    I praise, I laud
    Jnana that is our refuge;
    I adore the Holy feet of the Lord,
    Constant in my thought;
    I expound Siva Yoga;
    Hearken you !
    I chant the one letter, AUM
    Dear to our Lord.

    SONG

    OAREZHUTHALE ULAKENGUM THANAKI
    EEREZHUTHALE IZAITHANKIRUVARAI
    MOOVEZHUTHALE MULAIKINRA JOTHIYEI
    MAAVEZHUTHALE MAYAKKAME URRATHE

    Meaning in English

    By One letter A, He all worlds became;
    By Two letters A and U, He the two became SIVA and SAKTI;
    By three letters A, U and M , He the Light became;
    By letter M was Maya ushered in.

    EXPERIENCES IN OM MEDITATION

    1. Chanting of OM produces one-pointednesss of mind.
    2. Light will form around the personís head as an aura.
    3. During meditation you experience divine smell.
    4. You will experience Astral travel.
    5. A very powerful bright divine light like that of a rising sun will be transmitted from the Trikuti and it can brighten a dark room for two minutes and disappears gradually. This mystic and spiritual experience is indescribable in words. The divine light appears when your mind is in asemiconscious state.
    6. You will see beautiful and colourful flowers in the gardens and tall green trees in the mountains and sometimes your God, Goddess and Satguru in the temples.
    7. Please refer to “Experiences in Meditation” for more details.

    Do not have attachments to these lights and other siddhis which may hinder your spiritual advancements.

    MEDITATION – PRACTICAL INSTRUCTIONS

    1. Acknowledge and reject any thoughts which appear in your mind during meditation.
    2. Still your thoughts. Thoughts will disappear slowly.
    3. Concentrate and meditate on the object of meditation for ten to twenty minutes.
    4. Relax for five minutes.
    5. Continue your meditation on the same object for another ten to twenty minutes.

    The following thoughts may appear in your mind during meditation.

    1. Evil thoughts
    2. Social thoughts and problems
    3. Business thoughts and problems
    4. Good thoughts

    If too many thoughts distract your meditation, breathe in and breathe out slowly focusing your mind on the tip of your nose for five minutes and then continue your meditation.

  • Breathing Meditation

    BREATHING MEDITATION

    Daily we breathe 21,600 breaths or Sohams in 24 hours.One breath consists of inhalation, retention and exhalation. We breathe 900 breaths in an hour. So 15 breaths in a minute.

    HOW TO MEDITATE ON BREATHING

    1. Lit the lamp.
    2. Offer flowers, water and fruits to your God or Goddess or Guru.
    3. Offer benzoin smoke (dhupam), incense sticks and camphor (deepam).
    4. Sit in any comfortable posture facing north.
    5. Keep your head, neck and trunk in an erect position.
    6. Chant mantras and devotional songs for a few minutes and seek the blessing of your God, Goddess and Guru to succeed in your meditation.
    7. Close your eyes.
    8. Now try to fix your mind at the tip of the nose.
    9. Inhale your breath slowly and rhythmically.
    10. Retain your breath for five seconds.
    11. Exhale your breath slowly and rhythmically.
    12. Perform this breathing meditation for 10 to 30 minutes.

    TIME

    Morning between 4.30 to 6.00 am.
    Evening between 5.30 to 7.00pm.

    PRACTICAL INSTRUCTIONS

    1. Clean the nostril well.
    2. Drink a small cup of fruit juice or milk.
    3. Mindful you breathe in and mindful you breathe out at the point that comes contact with your breaths.
    4. Gradually, increase the duration of the meditation.
    5. Acknowledge and reject any thoughts which appear in your mind during meditation. Still your thoughts which will disappear slowly.
    6. Do not practice when you have cold and flu and in full stomach.

MYSTIC EXPERIENCES

ANAHATA SOUNDS

Anahata sounds are the mystic sounds heard by the Yogi at the beginning stage of his meditation. This subject is termed Nada-Anusandhana. This is the sign of purification of the nadis due to the practice of Pranayama. These sounds are heard through the right ear with or without closing the ears. The sounds are distinct when heard through the closed ears.

Sit in a suitable posture. Close the ears with right and left thumb and hear the sounds. Occasionally you can hear the sounds through the left ear also. Practise to hear from the right ear only. You are hearing distinctly from the right ear because of the influence of Pingala nadi. The Anahata sound is also called OMKARA DHVANI. It is due to the vibration of Prana in the heart.

MOVEMENT OF MIND

After a short practice of meditation you will feel that the body gets lighter in a short time, say 15 to 30 minutes. You may be semiconscious of the body and surroundings or may become quite unconscious of the body. There is a great deal of happiness owing to concentration. This happiness resulting from concentration is different from sensual pleasures. Dharana and Dhyana have a power to sharpen the intellect.

RHYTHMICAL BREATHING

In exhalation, the prana goes out 16 digits and in inhalations, it comes in 12 digits thus loosing 4 digits.

  1. Inhale slowly through both nostrils counting 4 OMS.
  2. Retain the breath for 8 OMS (Internal Kunbhaka).
  3. Exhale slowly through both nostrils for 4 OMD.
  4. Retain the breath outside (External Kunbhaka for 8 OMS).
  5. Repeat the above process a number of times according to your ability. Rhythm is more important than the length of breath.
  6. fter a few months of practice, you can increase the duration of inhalation and exhalation to 8 OMS and the period between to 18 OMS.

Chakras

CHARACTERISTICS OF CHAKRA

CHAKRA is a sanskrit word that denotes circle and movement like a wheel.
Chakras are centers of spiritual energy.
Chakras are psychic centers in the body that are active for 24 hours.

Each chakra has the following:

1. Has a presiding deity.
2. Correspondes to a Plexus in the human body.
2. Represented by an animal.
3. Petals.
4. Different colours.

Types of Chakras

Following are the 7 higher nature chakras in the human body :

  • Sahasrara Chakra
  • Ajna Chakra
  • Visuddha Chakra
  • Anahata Chakra
  • Manipura Chakra
  • Swadhistana Chakra
  • Muladhara

Following are the 7 chakras below representing the lower nature of human :

  • Atala Chakra
  • Vitala Chakra
  • Sutala Chakra
  • Talatala Ckakra
  • Rasatala Chakra
  • Mahatala Chakra
  • Patala Chakra

KUNDALINI FORCE

The powerful life energy being expressed through sexual arousal is the same life energy or Kundalini which will propel you inward during meditation into refined and blissful states of consciousness’.

“When one becomes steadfast in abstention from incontinence, one acquires spiritual energy.”The Yoga Sutras, Patanjali

When channeled into sexual union, this potent force lends its power to procreation, to the bearing and raising of children.

When directed inward through Brahmachariya, this same power awakens inner faculties and gives birth to a deeply religious and spiritual life.

The Kundalini energy within the body must flow. It flows either outward toward external objects or inward through the more refined states of consciousness. These energies must be systemically rechanneled from outer to more subtle expression. The secret lies in conscious and subconscious redirection or transmutation. The sacred reproductive fluids can be reabsorbed into the bloodstream, their concentrated force feeds the seven Chakras.

This is accomplished by performing Sadhana on a regular basis. The secret is in physical and mental control.

Sadhana: The practice of spiritual disciplines such as meditation, japa, fasting, austerity, yoga and humble service.

Significance of Ablutions

Following are the items commonly used for pooja and their significance

1. Gingelly Oil
For goodness

2. Pancha Kaviyam-Milk-Curd-Jaggery-Honey-Komiyam (Cow’s Urine)
For purity of mind.

3. Pancha Mirtham
For victory

4. Ghee
For moksha – liberation from birth

5. Milk
For longevity

6. Curd
For fame

7. Sugarcane Juice
For good health

8. Honey
Gives the grace of Saraswathi – For the excellence of all arts – music – dance etc.

9. Fruit Juice
Removes fear of death – Fearlessness

10. Tender Coconut
Gives good position in work

11. Sandal wood Paste
To achieve oneness with God

12. Kumbha Kalasa Water
Gives the grace of Astha Lakshmi – Wealth bestover

13. Clothing of God
Removes poverty

12. Benzoin
Benzoin is a pathological product, the formation of which is induced by injuring to the trees, Styrax benzoin Dryander and S.Paralleloneura Brans, family Styraceae. Benzoin is a hard, brittle masses consisting of opaque, creamy-white tears embedded in a dull, grayish-brown or reddish- brown matrix. It contains esters of cinnamic and benzoic acids,traces of Benzaldehyde,vanillin, phenylpropyl cocinnamate, styrol and styracin, all of which combine to produce its fragrance. Benzoin externally, is a stimulant and antiseptic. It has an antiseptic effect in prayer hall and room and its smoke is offered to Deities and Gurus. For example, Tincture of Benzoin used for wounds and cuts.

13. Camphor
Camphor is burned and offered to Guru and Deities and its vapour is dissipated into the atmosphere. Likewise all your Karmas to be burned and the individual soul (Jivatma) to be merged with the Supreme soul (Paramatma).

14. Incense Sticks
The burning of incense sticks transmits pleasant fragrance which develops a conducive atmosphere for praying and meditation.

15. Coconut
The fibers in the coconut relates to our Karmas. The white part inside resembles your pure soul. The coconut is broken and offered to God to burn all the Karmas and shattering of ego and finally to realize “SELF” and to merge with supreme Paramatma

Karma

KARMA is a sanskrit word which comes from the root word “KRI” means “TO ACT”. It signifies action or deed.

The LAW OF KARMA is a LAW OF CAUSE AND EFFECT. It means that every action is a cause and it produces an effect sooner or later. Any work, any action, any thought that produces an effect is a Karma. Everything you do physical or mental is a Karma. All living beings are subjected to this law of Karma. Newtonís third law states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Action is good or bad depends upon individual desire and reaction is experienced accordingly.

We are born in the world according to the karmas. You are responsible for your own actions. Problems are created by you and you have to solve them by yourself or with the assistance of others. Your thoughts and actions make your own destiny. Good thoughts lead to good actions and resulting in good karmas. Bad thoughts lead to bad actions and bad karmas. So always think good thoughts and if time permits, chant holy verses or mantras verbally or mentally. Do always good deeds, serve, love and make others happy and you will be happy. Do not hurt others by words, deeds or thoughts. This is good deed or karma.

God decides the reward or punishment that a person deserves with respect to his Karmas.

TYPES OF KARMA

There are three types of Karma namely SANCHITA KARMA, PRARABDHA KARMA and KRIYAMANA KARMA.

  1. SANCHITA KARMA
    Sanchita means the stock of karmas or accumulation of good and bad actions. The sum total and store-house of all our good and bad actions in the innumerable past lives is called Sanchita Karma. God grants each soul a body according to its previous karma

PRARABDHA KARMA
This is an unavoidable karma from the previous lives. You have to pay in the form of sorrow and suffering or in the case business it is a profit or loss.

 

  • KRIYAMANA KARMA
    The new karmas we perform and accumulate in this birth is called Kriyamana Karmas. It is a karma resulting from the present actions. Man is free to act in any way he likes.

 

COLLECTIVE KARMA

The law of karma applies to a nation or particular group of people or other living beings and the sorrow and suffering at the same time is called a COLLECTIVE KARMA. For example, a plane crashes and all the passengers and crew are killed. A flood or fire destroys a place and some residents in that area are injured and killed.

After death the soul reincarnates until all karmas are resolved and then free from samsara – cycle of births and rebirths and “SELF” and “GOD” realization is attained. Each soul is free to find his own way according to the karmas, whether by devotion, austerity, selfless service or meditation.

The Hindu Diet

HEALTHY EATING GUIDELINES

Daily you should choose and eat the foods to get the balanced diet.
Foods to be eaten daily should come from the following :

EAT MOST – Cereals and cereal products and tubers
EAT MORE – Fruits and Vegetables
EAT MODERATELY – Dairy products, Fish , Poultry, Meat and Legumes.
EAT LEAST- Fat, Oil, Sugar and Salt.

VEGETABLE DIET

A vegetable diet is highly conducive to sublime thinking and divine concentration and meditation. It gives greater vitality than animal foods. A vegetable diet is that which helps the person to keep the mind calm and pure. The person will be sattvic in character. Fresh fruits and vegetables such tomatoes, lettuce, cucumber, ladies finger and carrot should be eaten freshly. These foods are good for health. The diet of some Yogis, Rishis, Gurus and Swamis are fruits and milk. Fruits and milk are wholesome diet which helps in concentration and meditation of mind. These foods are easily digestible and and do not cause indigestion, stomach colic and constipation. Infants diet is mostly milk for a year since birth.

A WELL – BALANCED DIET

A well-balanced diet contains foods which provides all the nutritive factors in proper proportions for adequate nutrition.
A well-balanced diet is necessary for growth, development and maintenance of good health physically and mentally.

There are fat-free diet, high protein diet, salt-free diet, low sodium diet, high fibre diet, high calorie diet, ketogenic diet and low sugar diet or diabetic diet. These diets are prescribed to the patients according to their needs based on the diseases.

YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT.

Purifying the body and mind

  • Nadi Purification

    GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PRACTICE OF YOGASANAS

    Asanas and physical exercises should not be combined. Asanas are to be performed either in the mornings or evenings; perform the Asanas when the stomach is empty. In morning hours, perform Asanas after clearing bowels. Allow half-an-hour time between Asanas and bath. While performing Asanas, make a special note to breath in a slow manner when you are lifting or bending the legs, trunk, hands upwards and breath-out in a slow manner when bending downwards. But breathing should be normal when one reaches and stays in the final posture of the Asana. Keep your eyes closed and observe the breathing alone.

    Avoid use of tobacco in any form. Take satvic food (vegetables, greens, fruits, etc.) and avoid meat. Drink milk instead of stimulating drinks i.e., Coffee and Tea etc. After yogic practice, take liquids only after 15 minutes and solid food after a stonach and water for the quarter part of the stomach and remaining quarter part of the stomach be kept empty. This will keep you healthy and fit. Spices, chillies and tamarind should be avoided, if possible. Other wise minimize to the least advance in practice one should take rock salt. In case of sea salt, use the minimum quantity. Take milk, butter, butter-milk, greens, vegetables and fruits daily which will enable the regular movements of bowels.

    After Yogasana one should feel relaxed, never tired of sweating. Daily practices help fast progress.

    Yogic practitioners should avoid running, jumping and speaking in a high tone. If one gets sensation to attend call of nature, coughing, sneezing, etc., one should come back to the normal position and clear the. Women should not practice Asanas during menstrual period and during pregnancy. Practice regularly for four months before you take up the practice of Pranayama.

    NADI SUDHI AND PRANAYAMA

    Pranayama is divided into three parts:

    1. Filling – Inhaling – Puraka
    2. Restraining – Holding – Kumbaka
    3. Emptying – Exhaling – Rechaka

    Practice Nadi Suddhi for three or four months in the early morning and evening.

    Then start the practice of Pranayama. Close the left nostril with little finger of your right hand, slowly draw in the breath through right nostril, hold the breath in the lungs comfortable for a fixed duration and then close the right nostril with the thumb and let the breath out through left nostril. This makes one Pranayama. Then inhale slowly through the same (left nostril) closing the right nostril with the thumb hold the breath and then exhale through the right nostril closing the left nostril with the little and ring finger.

    Lightness of body, clear complexion hearing of Nada, calmness of the mind and body and a beautiful voice are the signs of your progress in Yoga.

    NADI FLOW

    Breath flows through the right nostril (Suriya Nadi) on Sundays, Tuesdays and Saturdays.
    Breath flows through left nostril (Chandra Nadi) on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
    Breath flows through the right nostril during waning moon days of the moon and through left nostril during waxing days of moon on Thursdays.

    The practitioners practicing Poorana Nadi Suddhi once a day should commence and complete nadi purification through the appropriate nostrils as mentioned above. Those practicing twice daily should commence and complete through the right nostril in the morning and through the left nostril in the evening.

    POORNA NADI SUDDHI (Through the Right Nostril)

    Procedure

    1.
    Sit in a suitable posture.
    2.
    Perform Achamana and pray to your Guru and Deity for their blessings.
    3.
    Concentrate your mind at the tip of the nose
    4.
    Close your left nostril with the ring finger of the right hand.
    5.
    Breathe out slowly chanting “OM”, “OM”, “OM” three times mentally and through the same nostril breathe in chanting “OM” three times mentally.
    6.
    Now close your right nostril with the thumb of the right hand.
    7.
    Exhale slowly through the left nostril chanting “OM” three times mentally and inhale through the same nostril chanting “OM” thrice mentally.
    8.
    Now rest your left hand on the left knee and fold the little finger to indicate the first count.
    9.
    Repeat the above for four times and final one through the right nostril.
    10.
    Close the left nostril and exhale through the right nostril “OM “, “OM”, “OM mentally and inhale through the right nostril chanting “OM” and exhale the breath through left nostril chanting “OM”.
    11.
    Inhale through the left nostril chanting “OM” closing the right nostril and exhale through the right nostril chanting “OM” closing the left nostril. Perform this exercise five times and five Nadi Suddhi Prayanama are performed.
    12
    Meditate either at the tip of the nose or at the Trukuti the space in between the eyebrows for five minutes. The whole exercise may take about twenty to twenty five minutes.

    POORNA NADI SUDDHI (Through the Left Nostril)

    Procedure:

    Perform the above from 1 to 10 but commencing through the left nostril and final nadi suddhi through the left nostril.

    POORANA NADI SUDDHI KUMBAKA PRANAYAMA (Through the Right Nostril)

    Procedure:

    1.
    Sit in a suitable posture.
    2.
    Perform Achamana and pray to your Guru and Deity for their blessings.
    3.
    Close the left nostril and exhale completely through right nostril chanting “OM” “OM”, ” OM”mentally.
    4.
    Inhale through the same nostril chanting “OM”,”OM” ,”OM” and incline the head slowly a little backwards.
    5.
    Inhale again straighten the head retaining the breath and chant “OM NAMASHIVAYA” focusing your mind at the TRUKUTI.
    6.
    Continue chanting “OM NAMASHIVAYA” for five times retaining the breath.
    7.
    Close the right nostril and exhale completely through the left nostril chanting “OM”, “OM”, “OM” mentally.
    8.
    Repeat No.5 and 6.
    9.
    All the above is considered one cycle. Meditate at the Trukuti for five minutes.
    10.
    Repeat from No.1 to 8 again for 5 cycles.
    11.
    Close the left nostril and exhale through the right nostril chanting “OM, “OM”, “OM” mentally.
    Inhale through the right nostril chanting “OM” and exhale through the left nostril chanting “OM” closing the right nostril.
    12.
    Inhale the breath through the left nostril chanting “OM” closing the right nostril and the exhale through the right nostril chanting OM” closing the left nostril.
    13.
    Repeat the No.11 and 12 for five times.

    POORANA NADI SUDDHI KUMBAKA PRANAYAMA (Through the Left Nostril)

    Procedure:

    1.
    Again repeat the above from No. 1 to 9 starting from the left nostril for five cycles.
    2. Repeat the above No.11 and 12 for five times.

    Note: The words “OM NAMASIVAYA” may substituted by “OM GANESHA”, “OM MURUGA”, “OM SAKTHI” or your Guru’s name followed by “OM”.

  • Body Purification

    PURIFICATION OF BODY

    01. Purification of Body

    OM ASTHTRAYA NAMAHA

    02. Achamanam

    a) OM SUMUKHAYA SVAHA
    OM EKADANTAYA SVAHA
    OM GAJAKARNIKAYA SVAHA

    b) OM ATHMA THATHVAYA NAMAHA
    OM VIDHYA THATHVAYA NAMAH
    OM SIVA THATHVAYA NAMAHA

    03. Application of Vibuthi

    a) Take the vibuthi and put in your left palm
    b) Place your left palm on your right thigh. ( close to knee )
    c) Take 3 drops of water from the panchapateram and pour into the vibuthi of the left palm. Chant ” OM SIVA ” for each drop three times.
    d) Close the left palm with the right palm. Chant “SIVA” three times.
    e) Mix vibuthi using both palm by rubbing.
    f) After mixing use your ring finger to write the word ” OM “

    04. Application of Vibuthi On Head

    Placing your hand as in diagram, Chant ” OM ESAYEHNAH MOORTHIAYEH NAMAHA three times.

    05. Application of Vibuthi On Forehead

    Apply vibuthi and chant ” OM SATHPURUCHA VASTHRAYA NAMAHA ” three times.

    06. Application of Vibuthi On Chest

    Apply vibuthi and chant ” OM AKGOHREH ERUTHIYAGEH NAMAHA ” three times.

    07. Application of Vibuthi On Navel

    Apply vibuthi and chant ” OM VAMATHEVHA QUIYAEH NAMAHA ” three times.

    08. Application of Vibuthi On Upper Arm

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    09. Application of Vibuthi On Elbow

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    10. Application of Vibuthi On Wrist

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    11. Application of Vibuthi On Upper Arm

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    12. Application of Vibuthi On Lower Rid

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    13. Application of Vibuthi On Lower Thigh Above Knee

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    14. Application of Vibuthi On Ankle

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    15. Application of Vibuthi On Neck

    Cross both hands to apply vibuthi i.e. Right hand to apply on Left sides and Left hand to apply on Right sides.
    Chant ” OM SATYOH SADAYEH NAMAHA “.

    16. Rinse the vibuthi into the panchapateram

    17. Join thumb with middle and ring finger. Dip into panchapateram to consume water, chanting ” SIVA ” three times.

    18. Achamanam

    OM ATHMA THATHVAYA NAMAHA
    OM VIDHYA THATHVAYA NAMAHA
    OM SIVA THATHVAYA NAMAHA

    19. Join thumb and ring finger, Dip into panchapateram then,

    a
    Right Eye
    ARAYEH NAMAHA
    b
    Left Eye
    RUDTHRIE NAMAHA
    c
    Right Ear
    SANGKARAEH NAMAHA
    d
    Left Ear
    NEELA LOGITHA NAMAHA
    e
    Right Nose
    BHEEMAH NAMAHA
    f
    Left Nose
    VIJEYAH NAMAHA
    g
    Mouth
    DEVA DEVAH NAMAHA
    h
    Naval
    UTHPARAH NAMAHA
    i
    Tip of the head
    KABALISEH NAMAHA
    j
    Back of the head
    SIGAYEH NAMAHA
    k
    Heart
    ERUTHIYAYEH NAMAHA